Category Archives: Theology

The “Unreasonable Effectiveness of Reason” and the Collapse of Classical Foundationalism

“Foundationalism has been the reigning theory of theories in the West since the high Middle Ages. It can be traced back as far as Aristotle… Aquinas offers one classic version of foundationalism. There is, he said, a body of propositions … Continue reading

Posted in Logic, Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Philosophy of Science, Theology, Uncategorized | 1 Comment

Origin and Limitation of the Satisfaction Theory of the Atonement:

I. ORIGIN OF THE SATISFACTION THEORY OF THE ATONEMENT (from Church historian Jaroslav Pelikan): “…the processions and the drama of the Middle Ages kept the motif of Christus Victor alive even when Latin theology was no longer able to deal … Continue reading

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Freud’s Critique of Religion

The thesis of God as a “father-wish” originated with the publication of Sigmund Freud’s main critique of religion, The Future of an Illusion (1927). This thesis has been widely discussed and analyzed; only some highlights will be reproduced here. 1. … Continue reading

Posted in Philosophy, Philosophy of Religion, Psychology, Psychology of Religion, Theology | Tagged , , , , , | 4 Comments

Who or What is God?

by Bishop Kallistos Ware (PhD, Oxford)* “What or who is God? The traveller upon the spiritual Way, the further he advances, becomes increasingly conscious of two contrasting facts—of the otherness and yet the nearness of the Eternal. In the first … Continue reading

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Propitiation or Expiation? Did Christ “Change God’s Attitude?”

The Greek word ιλαστηριον/hilasterion -which itself can be translated as either “propitiation” or “expiation”- is found in the NT but a few times (the most important instances for the doctrine of atonement are three: Rom 3:25; 1 Jn 2:2; 4:10); … Continue reading

Posted in New Testament, Theology | 12 Comments

Richard J. Bauckham on The Relatives of Jesus

R. J. Bauckham, “Relatives of Jesus,” in Ralph P. Martin and Peter H. Davids, eds., Dictionary of the Later New Testament and its Developments: A Compendium of Contemporary Biblical Scholarship (1997), pp. 1004-1006. Various relatives of Jesus are the subject … Continue reading

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Psalm 22:16 5/6HevPs: “They Pierced My Hands and Feet” (Dr. Peter W. Flint’s Position)

The Dead Sea Scrolls Bible: The Oldest Known Bible Translated for the First Time into English, edited by Martin G. Abegg, Peter W. Flint and Eugene Charles Ulrich contains a footnote on the Psalm 22 fragment from the Dead Sea, … Continue reading

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Bart Ehrman’s Lost Christianities: A Critique (Part I)

[a note to readers: some of the most important comments in this essay are in the footnotes; it is highly recommended that each one be viewed] “I hear that divisions exist among you, and in part I believe it.” –1 … Continue reading

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New 3-D Image …of Jesus?

A recent 3-dimensional computer-generated image from the Shroud of Turin was presented on the History Channel: I have always thought the Shroud images were a dead ringer for the ancient Pantokrator icons, gold coins from Justinian’s reign, etc. (see below), … Continue reading

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Love and Loving

If we were to ask “what is the greatest Christian virtue” many would say “it is faith.” But faith is not the greatest Christian virtue. As Paul informs us in 1 Cor 13:2, “If I have all faith so as … Continue reading

Posted in Devotional, Philosophy of Religion, Theology | Leave a comment