Category Archives: New Testament

Origin and Limitation of the Satisfaction Theory of the Atonement:

I. ORIGIN OF THE SATISFACTION THEORY OF THE ATONEMENT (from Church historian Jaroslav Pelikan): “…the processions and the drama of the Middle Ages kept the motif of Christus Victor alive even when Latin theology was no longer able to deal … Continue reading

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Propitiation or Expiation? Did Christ “Change God’s Attitude?”

The Greek word ιλαστηριον/hilasterion -which itself can be translated as either “propitiation” or “expiation”- is found in the NT but a few times (the most important instances for the doctrine of atonement are three: Rom 3:25; 1 Jn 2:2; 4:10); … Continue reading

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Richard J. Bauckham on The Relatives of Jesus

R. J. Bauckham, “Relatives of Jesus,” in Ralph P. Martin and Peter H. Davids, eds., Dictionary of the Later New Testament and its Developments: A Compendium of Contemporary Biblical Scholarship (1997), pp. 1004-1006. Various relatives of Jesus are the subject … Continue reading

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Dr. Martin Hengel on the Historical Reliability of the Gospels

This was the last major interview by the great Martin Hengel (Professor of New Testament and Early Judaism at the University of Tübingen) before his death at age 82 on July 2, 2009. Recommendations for further reading and some interesting … Continue reading

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